Fifty years ago, the waste stream was quite different. Organ ics were mostly recycled, composted or incinerated. Pack aging was made of wood or paper. Plastics were still largely unknown. At that time around the world as well as in Germany – where geosynthetics from Naue were born – waste legislation had not been established, so disposal practices were determined by basic administrative bodies. Municipalities were concerned more with the appearance of appropriate practice. The 1960s’ industrial boom, however, created an unprecedent increase in the volume of waste needing to be managed. The need for a formal, standardized and engineer ed disposal system could no longer be ignored.
The experience in Germany is representative of how waste management regulations have emerged around the world. More stringent rules have been created to answer the environmental challenge presented by increased volume and the changing nature of waste streams.
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